Yields, Equivalents, & Conversions

Breads & Crackers

Loaf of bread
1 pound = 12 to 16 slices
1 slice fresh = 1/2 cup fresh crumbs
1 slice dried = 1/3 cup dry crumbs
Graham crackers
12 squares = 1 cup crumbs
1 packet = 1 1/4 cup crumbs
Saltine-type crackers
22 = 1 cup crumbs

Cereals & Grains

Barley
1 cup = 3-1/2 cups cooked
Buckwheat groats (kasha)
1 cup = 2-1/2 to 3 cups cooked
Bulgur (cracked wheat)
1 cup = 2-1/2 to 3 cups cooked
Corn Meal
1 cup = 4 cups cooked
1 pound = 3 to 3-1/2 cups uncooked
Farina
1/2 cup = 2-2/3 cups cooked
Millet
1 cup raw = 3-1/2 cups cooked
Oats (regular or quick)
1 pound rolled oats = 5 cups uncooked
1 cup = 1-3/4 cups cooked
Pasta
1 pound macaroni = 5 cups uncooked or 8 to 10 cups cooked
2 ounces spaghetti = 1 cup cooked
1 cup small pasta = 1-3/4 cups cooked
1 cup noodles = 1-3/4 cups cooked
Rice (long-grain), white or brown
1 pound = 2-1/2 cups uncooked
1 cup raw = 3 cups cooked
Wheat berries
1 cup = 2-2/3 cups cooked
Wild Rice
1 cup raw = 4 cups cooked

Cheeses

Cottage cheese
1 pound (16 ounces) = 2 cups
Ricotta
15 ounces = 2 cups
Grating cheese (e.g., Parmesan, Romano)
3 ounces = 1 cup grated
Hard cheese (e.g., Cheddar, Swiss, mozzarella)
4 ounces = 1 to 1-1/3 cups shredded

Chocolates

Baking chocolate
1 square = 1 ounce or 3 to 4 tablespoons grated
Chocolate chips
6 ounces = 1 cup
Cocoa
8 ounces = 2 cups

Eggs

Yolk
1 large = 1 tablespoon
White
1 large = 2 tablespoons

Fats & Oils

Butter or margarine
1 stick = 1/2 cup or 8 tablespoons or 4 ounces
1 pound = 2 cups
1 pound whipped = 3 cups
Diet margarine
1 cup = 1/2 cup butter or stick margarine (in cooking)
Vegetable oil
16 ounces = 2 cups
Vegetable shortening
1 pound = 2-1/3 cups

Flours

Rye (medium)
1 pound = 4-1/2 cups
White, all-purpose
1 pound = 3-1/2 cups unsifted or 4 cups sifted
1 cup = 1/2 cup barley flour
or = 1-1/8 cups cake flour
or = 1 cup corn meal
or = 1/2 cup potato flour
or = 7/8 cup rice flour
or = 1-1/2 cup rye flour
or = 1-1/2 cup oat flour
or = 3/4 cup gluten flour
Whole wheat
1 pound = 3-1/3 to 3-3/4 cups

Fruits

Apples
1 pound = 3 medium or 3 cups slices or diced pieces
Apricots
1 pound fresh = about 10 medium or 3 cups cooked
1 pound dried = 3 cups dry or 4-1/2 cups cooked
Bananas
1 pound = 3 to 4 medium or 2 cups sliced or 1-1/2 cups mashed
Berries (blueberries, strawberries, etc.)
1 pint = 4 cups
Cherries
1 pound = 2 cups pitted
Coconut
3-1/2 ounces flaked = 1-1/3cups
Cranberries
12 ounces = 3 cups raw
Currants (dried)
1 pound = 3 cups
Dates
1 pound = 2-1/2 cups pitted
Grapefruit
1 pound = 2 cup sections (approximately)
Grapes
1 pound seedless = 2-1/2 cups
Lemon
1 whole = 2 to 3 tablespoons juice or 2 teaspoons grated rind
1 dozen = about 2-1/2 cups juice
Lime
1 whole = 1-1/2 to 2 tablespoons juice or 2 tablespoons grated rind
Oranges
1 whole = about 6 tablespoons juice or about 2 tablespoons grated rind
Peaches
1 pound = 4 to 6 peaches or 2 cups slices
Pears
1 pound = 3 to 5 pears or 2 cups slices
Pineapple
2 pounds fresh = 3 cups cubes
Plums
1 pound fresh = 2 cups cooked
Prunes (dried)
1 pound raw = 2-1/4 cups pitted
Raisins
1 pound = 2-3/4 to 3 cups
Rhubarb
1 pound fresh = 3-1/2 cups cut raw or 2 cups cooked

Milk

Fresh milk (whole, low-fat, or skim)

1 quart = 4 cups
Dry milk powder
1 to 1-1/3 cups = 1 quart milk reconstituted
1/4 to 1/3 cup milk powder = 1 cup milk, reconstituted
Evaporated milk
1 13-ounce can = nearly 1-1/3 cups

Nuts

Almonds
1 cup = 6 ounces whole or 5-1/3 ounces blanched
1 pound unshelled = 1 to 1-1/2 cups shelled
1 pound shelled = 3-1/4 cups
Peanuts
1 pound unshelled = 2 cups shelled
1 pound shelled = 4 cups
Pecans
1 pound unshelled = 2-1/4 cups shelled
1 pound shelled = 3-1/2 cups
Walnuts
1 pound unshelled = 2 cups shelled
1 pound shelled = 3-1/2 cups
NOTE: For most nuts, 1 cup whole (about 1/4 pound) approximately equals 1 cup chopped.

Sweeteners

Granulated (white) sugar
1 pound = 2 cups (approximately)
Brown sugar (packed)
1 pound = 2-1/4 cups
1 cup = 1 cup granulated sugar plus 1/4 cup molasses
Corn syrup
1-1/2 cups = 1 cup granulated sugar
Powdered (confectioner's) sugar
1 pound = 4-1/2 cups unsifted
1-3/4 cups packed = 1 cup granulated
Honey
1 pound = 1-1/3 cups or 1-2/3 cups sugar

Miscellaneous

Gelatin
1 packet unflavored (1/4 ounce) = 1 tablespoon
Herbs
1 tablespoon fresh = 1/2 to 1 teaspoon dried
Horseradish
1 tablespoon freshly grated = 2 tablespoons bottled
Yeast
1 packet dry active = 1 scant tablespoon